Kyläniemi is a 14km long part of the Second Salpausselkä’s ice-marginal formation that formed around 11,800-11,600 years ago. Kyläniemi consists of wide sandy and gravelly deltas deposited in front of the edge of the ice sheet and of narrower and rockier end moraine ridges. The area is home to representative shore features from the Baltic ice lake, Saimaa ice lake and Greater Saimaa periods. In addition, types of steppe plants that are rare nowadays grow on Kyläniemi’s sandy slopes, where they were the first species to arrive in the area after the ice age.
Eskers and ice-marginal formations that emerged after the ice melted formed an important route for many plants and animals to spread along. Spring pasqueflower and Sand pink were among the first to cover the land after the ice age. These protected species are still part of the flora at the Second Salpausselkä.
There is a Geopark sign on the shore of Kyläniemi ferry, which tells about the geology of the area. The tip of the Kyläniemie, Rastinniemi, is also a Saimaa Geopark site. The Kyläniemi ferry is about 19 km from the intersection of Puumalantie and Utulantie roads. Along the way there is a small shop and a café in the village of Utula. The ferry is about 11 km from the intersection of Rastinniementie road. If you drive along Kyläniementie you will end up in the fishing port of Kyläniemi. The Kutvele canal, which cuts off the Kyläniemi ice-marginal formation, is one of the canals built by General Suvorov in the late 18th century.
Contents of the Geopark sign on the shore of the ferry: https://saimaageopark.fi/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/kylaniemi_1907_web.pdf
You can also find more information on the South Karelian Foundation for Recreation Areas’ webpages.
Coordinates: x=571853,400 y=6799803,000 (ETRS-TM35FIN)
The above coordinates are working in GPS-devices and karttapaikka.fi services.
The below coordinates are working in Google maps services.
Coordinates: 61.306219324, 28.235165930 (ETRS89 maantieteelliset(~WGS84))
Image: Arto Hämäläinen