Saimaa  Geopark’s natural and cultural site Pien-Toijola open air museum covers 28 buildings from a 19th-century farm, all in their original locations. The oldest barns and savutupa, “smoke room” are from the 18th century. In the museum you can get acquainted with old rural living and it is therefore a rare monument. The Pien-Toijola open air museum has been chosen as one of the nationally significant built cultural environments. Many Finnish films have also been shot in the courtyard of Pien-Toijola.

More information about the museum can be found on Visit Mikkeli website (in Finnish)

You can also find information on the historical sites of the village of Toijola in the Finnish Heritage Agency’s list of nationally significant built cultural environments (in Finnish)

The buildings in the yard of the Pien-Toijola open air museum are built on rock area consisting of veined gneiss. The rock area is exposed in many places and from them you can search and view special structures of the bedrock, inclusions. They appear on rock surfaces as differently shaped round bodies that have formed in the bedrock formation process more than a billion years ago. The rock type of the bedrock, the veined gneiss, was formed billions of years ago from sand and clay on the ancient seabed. These ancient sediments were transformed into mica gneiss through mountain folding, deep in the Earth’s crust. Partial melting and re-crystallisation occurred during and after the mountain-folding process took place in the mica gneiss. Structures formed through partial melting can be seen in the rock as light granitic stripes and veins. From that stripy appearance becomes the rock type name of veined gneiss. Partial melting and recrystallization also resulted in inclusions of various shapes. The weathered parts of the inclusions contained layers and patches of calcium, carbon and sulphur, which are weaker than the mica gneiss and therefore worn away.

You can also find information about the Pien-Toijola open air museum here


Adress: Suurlahdentie 1982, 52360 Ristiina


image: Emmi Eronen, 2013, Mikkelin kaupungin museot.