The type of stone used for the Soutajapatsas monument stone at the Sulkava market square is mica gneiss, or more precisely garnet-cordierite mica gneiss, typical to the Saimaa area. The stone is multicoloured and richly hued: dark biotites and plagioclase crystals form a base intersected by light quartz and feldspar dikes. The stone is also dotted by grains of dark red garnet and blue-grey cordierite. The stone quarried from the local surroundings and used in building is known as Amadeus.

The Sulkava market square and its statue of a rower are located in drumlin terrain. Drumlins were created as the glacial flow of the continental ice sheet modified material below it and laid material behind rocky hills into long ridges. The drumlins are part of the expansive Pieksämäki drumlin field, which formed in the central part of the Finnish Lake District ice lobe. The thickness of the till on the drumlins can exceed 10 metres. Drumlins are best seen on maps as a northwest-southeast orientation of the terrain.

Content of the Saimaa Geopark sign on the edge of the market square (pdf)

Three panels in the sign open up different contents on your mobile device (a series of panels beginning with the title “Discover the hidden treasures of Lake Saimaa”). You need the free Salmi AR app to view the content. Content includes pictures, videos, audio narration, and peepholes. You’ll find information about Suvorov’s time, wartime, and industrialization, and get to see what the area looked like 11,000 years ago and how the ancestors lived. The contents are currently available only in Finnish. Instructions for downloading the Salmi AR application (pdf)

You can also find more information about the Sulkava area here


Coordinates: x=572328,830 y=6851241,819 (ETRS-TM35FIN)

The above coordinates are working in GPS-devices and for example in service.

The below coordinates are working in Google maps service, which uses geographic coordinates:

Coordinates: 61.787241156, 28.371438660 (ETRS89 maantieteelliset(~WGS84))


Image: Heli Rautanen


  • Suitable for children
  • Parking