To the south of the municipal centre of Taipalsaari is a glacial river deposit known as Saimaanharju, which is part of the fragmented ice-marginal formation zone between the Salpausselkäs. The zone shows a position of the ice edge which is younger than the First Salpausselkä but older than the Second Salpausselkä. Some of the settlement in Taipalsaari can be found on the top of Saimaanharju, which is dotted with kettles. Its slopes feature ancient shorelines and a Stone-Age dwelling and burial spot to the south of the formation in Vaateranta. The Saimaaharju area can be reached by driving the road 408 south of the municipal centre for about 3.5 km.
Saimaanharju’s Suurilampi pond is a kettle whose water level (77.7msl) is two metres higher than the surrounding Saimaa. This means that the delta deposit contains types of quaternary deposits which water does not easily penetrate, such as clay. Kettles formed as large blocks of ice were buried in the sand and gravel at eskers and deltas formed by glacial rivers. As the ice blocks gradually melted away, holes of various shapes and sizes were left behind. Kettles can be holes in which forest grows, but if they are in contact with surface or groundwater, they can form kettle ponds or paludified kettles.
The municipal building and church as well as the Saimaa Geopark sign can be found on the municipal center side. Taipalsaari church and the adjacent Röytty home museum are cultural sites of Saimaa Geopark.
Coordinates: x=557095,155 y=6781065,800 (ETRS-TM35FIN)
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Coordinates: 61.159942653, 28.061010975 (ETRS89 maantieteelliset(~WGS84))
Image: municipality of Taipalsaari